(i) SSC: Staff Selection Commission
SSC stands for Staff Selection Commission. It is an Indian organization which recruits staffs for various posts in the various Ministries and Departments of the Government of India. It also recruits for subordinates offices. The commission is headed by a chairman and there are two members and a Secretary-cum-Controller of Examinations to assist the Chairman. It is headquartered at New Delhi, India.
Furthermore, the SSC has a regional set-up in order to conduct exams smoothly. At present, it has seven regional offices at Allahabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Guwahati, Bangalore and two sub-regional offices at Raipur and Chandigarh.
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The Staff Service Commission conducts competitive examinations to recruits various services and posts. There are more than 20 types of jobs varies from group B to group C. Eligibility criteria is graduation in any stream from a recognized university to apply for an SSC examination. Physical fitness and measurement are also required for some posts like the Sub-Inspector and Narcotics department.
Some of the Major Functions of SSC:
- To conduct recruitment for the Group “B” posts in the Ministries/ Departments of the Govt. of India and their subordinate offices and for all non-technical Group “C” posts in the Ministries or Departments of Govt. of India and their subordinate offices
- To conduct exams and interviews for the posts within its purview
- To conduct departmental exams related to promotion from a lower division to upper divisions
- To conduct periodical typewriting tests in Hindi and English
- To perform other functions entrusted to it by the Central Govt. from time to time
(ii) SSC: Secondary School Certificate
SSC stands for Secondary School Certificate. The School Certificate examination, which is also known as SSC or Matriculation examination, is a public examination conducted by various boards of education including CBSE and other state boards. It is also known as 10th board exam as students of 10th grade or class appear in this examination.
The SSC exam is conducted in many states of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is equivalent to GCSE in England. It is followed by Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC), i.e. the students who pass the SSC examination are eligible to appear in HSC.
Indian states which conduct SSC examination
Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, and Madhya Pradesh are the Indian states which conduct SSC examination. The examination structure may differ from board to board. After the completion of this course students get the certificate with grades or percentage according to their performance in the examination. In India, over 1.3 million students appeared in this exam in 2014.
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Most common subjects for SSC examination
- Science & Technology
- Social Science
- Regional Language
Procedure and Schedule
SSC exams are conducted annually at the national level by Central Board of Secondary Education in the month of March or April. The syllabus of different examination board may be different. To apply for this examination one should have to enroll oneself in a central or state level senior secondary school.