What Is Selective Credit Control?

Are you curious to know what is selective credit control? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about selective credit control in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is selective credit control?

Selective Credit Control (SCC) stands as a pivotal tool employed by central banks and regulatory authorities to influence and manage specific sectors or aspects of an economy through targeted credit policies. This strategic approach allows authorities to direct credit flows towards or away from particular industries, sectors, or activities, aiming to achieve macroeconomic stability and address specific economic challenges. Let’s delve into the essence of Selective Credit Control, its mechanisms, implications, and its role in shaping economic dynamics.

What Is Selective Credit Control?

  1. Definition: Selective Credit Control refers to the deliberate use of regulatory measures by central banks or financial authorities to influence the availability, cost, or allocation of credit in specific sectors or areas of the economy.
  2. Targeted Intervention: SCC involves implementing policies or regulations to control lending practices, interest rates, or credit availability in designated sectors while leaving others unaffected.

Mechanisms And Strategies:

  1. Credit Rationing: Authorities may implement limits or quotas on the amount of credit available to certain sectors, constraining lending to manage excesses or risks in specific areas.
  2. Interest Rate Regulations: Adjusting interest rates for specific sectors to encourage or discourage borrowing, fostering investment or curbing speculative activities as per economic objectives.
  3. Credit Guidelines: Imposing specific criteria or guidelines on lending institutions regarding the types of loans or borrowers in targeted sectors, influencing credit allocation.

Objectives And Implications:

  1. Inflation Control: SCC can be used to combat inflationary pressures by restricting credit flow to sectors contributing to excessive demand or inflationary trends.
  2. Sectoral Development: Promoting growth and stability in specific sectors by encouraging lending, investment, or credit availability in industries crucial for economic development.
  3. Financial Stability: Mitigating risks and preventing asset bubbles or speculative activities by regulating credit flow and managing systemic risks in the financial system.

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Challenges And Considerations:

  1. Unintended Consequences: SCC measures may have unintended impacts, such as credit shortages or market distortions, affecting other sectors or financial stability.
  2. Effectiveness and Adaptability: The effectiveness of selective credit controls depends on the economy’s structure and the ability to adapt policies to evolving economic conditions.

Role In Modern Economies:

  1. Policy Flexibility: SCC provides policymakers with a targeted tool to address specific economic challenges without resorting to broad-based measures.
  2. Supplementing Monetary Policy: It complements broader monetary policy tools by offering a more focused approach to address sector-specific issues.


Selective Credit Control represents a strategic instrument wielded by authorities to influence credit flows and economic dynamics. As an essential component of regulatory measures, SCC allows for targeted intervention to steer credit towards desired sectors, manage risks, and foster economic stability. While its implementation requires careful consideration and constant assessment of economic conditions, selective credit control stands as a nuanced tool contributing to the nuanced management of modern economies, addressing sectoral needs, and ensuring stability in the financial landscape.


What Is Credit Control In Simple Words?

Credit control is a business process that promotes the selling of goods or services by extending credit to customers, covering such items as credit period, cash discounts, payment terms, credit standards and debt collection policy.

What Are The Selective Instruments Used By Rbi For Controlling Credit?

The different instruments of credit control used by the Reserve Bank of India are Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR), Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), the Bank Rate Policy, Selective Credit Control (SCC), Open Market Operations (OMOs).

What Is The Meaning Of Scc In Banking?

Control of credit flow to borrowers dealing in some essential commodities to discourage hoarding and black-marketing.

What Is The Difference Between Selective Credit Control And Credit Rationing?

Rationing of credit is an instrument of selective credit control. In this, the Central Bank can fix the maximum amount of loans which a commercial bank can give. Selective credit control is a broader term as rationing of credit is a part of it.

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