CID: Crime Investigation Department
CID stands for Crime Investigation Department. It is an investigation and intelligence wing of the Indian State Police. It is one of the most important units of the police organization and is headed by the Additional Director General of Police (ADGP). It is headquartered in Pune and investigates specified cases entrusted by the Govt. of India and DGP (Director General of Police). It was formed by the British government in 1902 to maintain law and order in the country, on the recommendation of Police Commission. The department has their own ranks of officers who usually work in plain clothes. These officers are known as Detectives or CID officers.
In 1929, this department was split into special Branch, CID and Crime Branch CID (CB-CID).
The CID has several branches like:
- Anti-Narcotics Cell
- Anti-Terrorism Wing
- Anti-Human Trafficking & Missing Person cell
- Finger Print Bureau
- Bank Frauds
- Dog Squad
- Human Rights Department
The officers’ ranks in CID are:
- Sub- Inspectors
- Additional Director General of Police
- Inspector General of Police (IGP), etc.
The CID officers usually use a word “detective” before their rank.
What does CID do
The main task of CID is to investigate criminal cases like rape, murder, theft, robbery etc. It gathers facts, evidence for criminal cases and frauds and catches criminals and finally presents the accused with evidence in the Court. These investigations can span multiple cities, and states depending on the level of the crime. The CID team also takes the help of local police to investigate the cases.
Eligibility criteria to become a CID officer
The candidate must be a citizen of India and the minimum qualification required for a candidate to join CID as a Sub Inspector or an officer is a graduation from a recognized university. However, to join CID as a constable, the minimum qualification required is 12th or Higher Secondary Certificate. Apart from qualification is not enough to become a CID officer, one has to clear the Indian Civil Services examination which is held every year by the Union Public Service Commission.
There are many universities in India that offer courses in criminology at graduation level. These courses may help you join the CID.
There are various designations or posts in CBI.
Furthermore, the candidate should have an excellent memory, sharp eyes, good judgment of character, ability to work in a team as well as alone. These are the basic requirements of this job.